Urinary Sepsis: what it is, causes and treatments
Urinary sepsis is a viral complication present in the urine that should be treated as soon as it manifests so that it does not lead to further complications. Let's see below, and in detail, all about the Urinary Sepsis: what it is, causes and treatments.
What is urinary sepsis?
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common type of infection that can be easily treated with antibiotics. Sometimes, however, the bacteria that causes the infection can infect your bloodstream . This condition is called urinary sepsis and can be fatal .
Urinary tract infections are usually infections only in the bladder, so symptoms include:
- strong, sudden and frequent urges to urinate
- burning sensation or irritation when urinating
- feeling that the bladder has not emptied completely
- pressure in the lower back or abdomen
- Thick or cloudy urine may or may not contain blood
Sometimes, the infection of the bladder may also affect the upper parts of the urinary system, including the ureter (the tubes that connect the bladder to the kidneys) and the kidneys. If these parts of the urinary system become infected, urinary sepsis can develop as a complication.
Symptoms of urinary sepsis
If you experience any of the following symptoms of urinary sepsis, go to the hospital immediately:
- pain in the lower back, where the kidneys are
- nausea and vomiting
- extreme tiredness
- decreased urine output
- inability to think clearly
- labored breathing
- abnormal heart function
- abdominal pain
- rapid heart rate
- high or low body temperature li>
- rapid breathing
In severe cases, urinary sepsis may progress to a condition called septic shock . If you go into septic shock, your blood pressure drops to dangerously low levels and your body's organs begin to close. This is a medical emergency. You should call 112 or seek immediate emergency medical attention.
The causes of urinary sepsis
Urinary tract infections They usually occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and begin to multiply in the bladder. Although the urinary system is designed to keep out microscopic invaders, these defenses sometimes fail. When that happens, the bacteria can grow and become an infection in the urinary tract causing a urinary sepsis.
The most common causes occur mainly in women and affect the bladder and urethra, the most common of which are:
- Bladder Infections : The E. coli bacterium is a common cause of bladder infections or cystitis. E. coli normally lives in the intestines of healthy people and animals. In its normal state, it does not cause any problems. However, if it finds its way out of the intestines and into the urinary tract, it can lead to infection and lead to urinary sepsis.
- This usually occurs when small or even microscopic pieces of stool enter the body. Urinary tract. This can happen during sex. For example, this can happen if you change anal and vaginal sex without cleaning in between.Bladder infections can also develop from splashing toilet water or from improper cleaning. Foamy urine may also indicate a problem.
- Urethral Infections : Also known as urethritis, urethral infections can be caused by bacteria such as E. coli. Urethritis can also be the result of a sexually transmitted infection (STI), however, this is rare. STIs include: herpes, gonorrhea and chlamydia.
We have already said how women are at higher risk of suffering from urinary sepsis so that they are the ones with the highest risk factor.>
- Female anatomy : A woman has a shorter urethra than a man, which shortens the distance that bacteria must travel to get to the bladder and the blood stream through it.
- Sexual activity: Sexually active women tend to have more infections urinals than women who are not sexually active. Having a new sexual partner also increases your risk.
- Certain types of birth control : Women who use diaphragms for birth control may be at higher risk, as well as women who use spermicidal agents.
- Menopause . After menopause, a decrease in circulating estrogen causes changes in the urinary tract that make it more vulnerable to infection.
Other risk factors for Urinary tract infections include:
- Urinary tract abnormalities. Babies born with urinary tract abnormalities that do not allow urine to leave the body normally or urine to recede in the urethra they have an increased risk of urinary tract infections and suffering from urinary sepsis.
- Blockages in the urinary tract. Kidney stones or an enlarged prostate can trap urine in the bladder. and increase the risk of UTI.
- A suppressed immune system . Diabetes and other diseases that affect the immune system, the body's defense against germs, can increase the risk of urinary tract infections.
- Use of the catheter. People who can not urinating on their own and using a tube (catheter) to urinate have an increased risk of urinary tract infections. This can include people who are hospitalized, people with neurological problems that make it difficult to control their ability to urinate, and people who are paralyzed.
- A recent urinary procedure e. Urinary surgery or a urinary tract examination that involves medical instruments may increase your risk of developing a urinary tract infection and lead to urinary sepsis if the infection reaches the kidneys.
Treatments against urinary sepsis
The treatments to follow to combat a urinary sepsis will focus on combating urinary tract infection through antibiotics that are usually also given by intravenously.
In addition, the doctor can recommend the following treatments:
- Drink plenty of water . Water helps dilute urine and eliminate bacteria.
- Avoid beverages that can irritate the bladder . Avoid coffee, alcohol and soft drinks that contain citrus juices or caffeine until the infection has disappeared. They can irritate the bladder and tend to aggravate your frequent or urgent need to urinate.
- Use a heating pad .There are some indications that cranberry products, in the form of juice or tablet, may have properties that fight infections. Researchers continue to study the ability of cranberry juice to prevent urinary tract infections, but the results are inconclusive.