Rhinitis: Types and treatments

Rhinitis, millions of people suffer from this disorder commonly called "nasal drip." In another article we talk about the treatment of allergies, today we tell you more specific details about rhinitis, its types and treatments.

What is rhinitis?

The common term is nasal drip, the medical term rhinitis. It is characterized by irritation and inflammation of the inner areas of the nose. The main symptom is that the nose drips, this is due to a chronic or acute inflammation of the nose membrane due to bacteria, viruses or other irritating substances (such as dust, or pollen). As a result of this inflammation excessive amounts of mucus are generated, due to this the nose "drips" and there is nasal congestion. Rhinitis can affect not only the nose, but also the throat of the eyes.

Types of rhinitis

Within this disease or infection, you can distinguish three main types of rhinitis.

Infectious rhinitis

This type includes rhinitis caused by infections bacterial are acute or chronic.

Rhinitis, non-allergic

This category includes vasomotor rhinitis, drug-induced hormonal rhinitis , gustatory rhinitis, and autonomic rhinitis. It can also cause watery eyes. Vasomotor rhinitis can be caused by non-allergic factors that cause dilation in the lining of the nose. The age of onset is usually around 20 years. Symptoms usually get worse in spring and autumn when the change in weather is more common. This type of rhinitis does not involve the response of the immune system.

Allergic rhinitis

One of the best known, this rhinitis is produced by irritating substances such as pollen, animal hair dandruff , dust and other allergens. These irritants cause the person's immune system to become alert and release antibodies that bind to mast cells that contain histamine.

Allergic rhinitis par excellence is caused by plant pollen. what is called: hay fever. It receives this name because it is more frequent to appear during the hay harvest season.

Other allergens are: dust, animal dander or dust stimulate these mast cells that when released release itching, swelling, mucus. Symptoms can vary from one person to another, you can even develop cross reactivity, this is that a person allergic to birch pollen can also have an allergic reaction with the skin of apples, appearing itchy throat after eating apples.

Treatment for rhinitis

The doctor once diagnosed rhinitis will decide what type of treatment can be more effective. Allergic rhinitis can not be cured but the symptoms can be controlled so that it does not influence negatively.

If it is allergic rhinitis, the doctor can treat it like any other allergy. Something important is the elimination or non-exposure to irritants.

Vasomotor rhinitis can be controlled thanks to the avoidance of irritants.

Frequent cleaning of floors, washing clothes Bed can often reduce these irritants. There are many drugs that block the action of allergic mediators.It may also appear without warning or be gradual.

  • May appear with conjunctivitis .
  • People who suffer from it may have headaches and coughs They are often more irritable or depressed.
  • How to prevent rhinitis

    • Avoid certain moments of the day where there is more pollen in the air.
    • Do not do outdoor sports at the moment the trees and flowers start to bloom. li>
    • Keep the filters clean of the air conditioner in your house and your vehicle.
    • Try to avoid objects such as curtains, rugs or cushions , because they keep a lot of dust.